Episode #32- Who Was the Prince of Humbugs? (Part I)

In the 19th century there were few Americans more famous than P.T Barnum. Long before he founded the circus that would bear his name, Barnum made a name for himself by pulling off elaborate hoaxes. Barnum’s so-called “humbugs” walked the line between charming practical jokes and cynical frauds. How much should we believe about a man who lied for a living? Tune in and find out how fake news, George Washington’s wet nurse, clockwork robots, an someone named “zip the pinhead” all play a role in the story.

Works Cited

Barnum, P. T., and Waldo R. Browne. Barnum’s Own Story: The Autobiography of P.T. Barnum. New York: Viking, 1927. Print.

Barnum, P. T. Art of Money Getting, Or, Golden Rules for Making Money. Bedford, MA: Applewood, 2000. Print.

Barnum, P. T. The Humbugs of the World. Detroit: Singing Tree, 1970. Print.

Bogdan, Robert. Freak Show: Presenting Human Oddities for Amusement and Profit. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1988. Print.

Fleming, Candace, and Ray Fenwick. The Great and Only Barnum: The Tremendous, Stupendous Life of Showman P.T. Barnum. New York: Schwartz & Wade, 2009. Print.

Gourley, Catherine. Media Wizards: A Behind-the-scene Look at Media Manipulations. Brookfield, CT: Twenty-First Century, 1999. Print.

Kunhardt, Philip B., and Peter W. Kunhardt. P.T. Barnum: America’s Greatest Showman. New York: Knopf, 1995. Print.

Reiss, Benjamin. The Showman and the Slave: Race, Death, and Memory in Barnum’s America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2001. Print.

Saxon, A. H. P.T. Barnum: The Legend and the Man. New York: Columbia UP, 1989. Print.