In the 19th century there were few Americans more famous than P.T Barnum. Long before he founded the circus that would bear his name, Barnum made a name for himself by pulling off elaborate hoaxes. Barnum’s so-called “humbugs” walked the line between charming practical jokes and cynical frauds. How much should we believe about a man who lied for a living? Tune in and find out how fake news, George Washington’s wet nurse, clockwork robots, an someone named “zip the pinhead” all play a role in the story.
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Fleming, Candace, and Ray Fenwick. The Great and Only Barnum: The Tremendous, Stupendous Life of Showman P.T. Barnum. New York: Schwartz & Wade, 2009. Print.
Gourley, Catherine. Media Wizards: A Behind-the-scene Look at Media Manipulations. Brookfield, CT: Twenty-First Century, 1999. Print.
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Reiss, Benjamin. The Showman and the Slave: Race, Death, and Memory in Barnum’s America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2001. Print.
Saxon, A. H. P.T. Barnum: The Legend and the Man. New York: Columbia UP, 1989. Print.